Water wells should do a water well repair and be maintained regularly to ensure proper water flow and sustained drinking water safety. In addition, an annual test for total coliform bacteria and E. coli bacteria in well water should be performed by a recognized testing facility to guarantee that water quality is maintained.
A further round of testing for pH and total dissolved solids is recommended every three years, as is testing for land uses that are currently occurring or that are likely to occur within sight of the well. If there are apparent stains, tastes, or scents in the water, seek tests that will assist in identifying and the water testing the source of these signs and symptoms of dirty water.
Water well repair annual inspections of water wells should be performed to look for evident indicators of deterioration or pollution. Clean up any rubbish or anything that may have accumulated in the area surrounding the well within 100 feet of it to prevent contamination of the water supply.
Exhibits Excellent Performance
A water well’s ability to draw water at a consistent rate (often referred to as the well yield, flow, or performance) decreases with age, particularly in wells that were not adequately developed when first sunk. In some cases, even in relatively modern wells, or some existing wells, a reduction or complete loss of water production can occur due to a decreasing water level caused by prolonged drought or over-pumping of a well, which can dewater the water-bearing zones. A reduction in well yield over time is more frequently associated with changes in the water well itself, which may include:
- Incrustation as a result of mineralization
- The development of microorganisms on surfaces causes biofouling.
- Due to sediment, the “aquifer” has been physically plugged (the saturated layer of sand, gravel, or rock through which water is transmitted).
- Sand point pumping is a type of excavation.
- Corrosion of the well screen or well casing
- Damage to the jet pump
Rehabilitation of a Water Well
Rehabilitation, water well repair, and restoration are terms used to describe the rehabilitation used to rectify these issues. The water flow from a well will be maximized if the restoration is completed successfully. The likelihood of a successful rehabilitation depends on the underlying cause(s) of poor good performance and to the extent to which the problem has advanced through time.
If you notice a decrease in your well’s performance, have a competent water well repair contractor evaluate your well, ideally with a downhole camera, as soon as possible.
The term “specific capacity” of a water well is a standard measure of the amount of water delivered by the well. It is defined as the pumping rate (in gallons per minute) divided by the drawdown or increased depth to water during pumping (in feet).
It is generally accepted that a decline in well yield of 25% or more indicates the need for rehabilitation. However, delaying rehabilitation procedures can result in considerable expense increases, and in rare situations, it can make a recovery completely impossible to complete.
The Problem Must Be Determined
In some cases of water well repair, the air in the system and other issues are caused by your well running dry; however, they can also be signs of a hole in the pipe, bad electrical wiring, or a malfunctioning water pump. You could result from saving thousands of money by hiring a water well repair contractor to evaluate the system and pull up you’re well pumped, and inspect it for faults. By operating the pump at a different level in the pipe – referred to as the well casing – it is possible to determine whether the well is dry or another problem that can be remedied more quickly and easily.
If It Is Running Dry
Depending on whether the professional well driller or a water well repair contractor finds that there isn’t a mechanical problem with the well, there are a few further actions you may take before the drilling process and the pump installation of an utterly new well that will help you save money and time.
Check to see how old the well is. Most wells are designed to last between twenty and thirty years before their well yield deteriorates, depending on the type of well and how it was assembled. Sediment and mineral scale can accumulate over time, reducing production. Your well may require cleaning to remove the build-up, which can be accomplished by a water well specialist using chemical or mechanical methods.
Check the Level of the Water Pump
Water pumps should be installed below the water table to offer an additional water buffer if the well runs dry due to household use. A well drilling business can remove the pump and measure the present water level in the well and the average depth of the hole. In some circumstances, the well pump can be set lower to provide a more significant water buffer, which helps prevent the system from running out of water.
Hydrofracturing has the potential to improve water flow. Known as hydrofracturing or hydrofracking, this is a procedure in which water is injected into a well at high water pressure to clean debris from fractures in the bedrock and make room for greater water flow. According to their records, the water well repair company has had remarkable success with this type of hydrofracking, which boosts flow 98 percent of the time because it has been so successful, willing to guarantee existing wells.
The deepening of your water well may aid in increasing your well produce. While not as expensive as drilling a new well, this method may not produce the most remarkable results in all cases. In some cases, digging a new well is the most cost-effective solution. The time to dig a new well may be approaching if your existing well is more than 30 years old and the flow has not been boosted through other means. Depending on the depth and position of the well, a contemporary well may generate more water for the residence, even if it is on the same land.
Therefore, it is necessary to plug the old well once it has been drilled to prevent groundwater from pollution and as a safety measure once the new well has been completed.
Well Pump Repair Cost
The average cost of repairing a well pump is a total cost of $902, often ranging between $347 and $1,473. A water well repair is accomplished through the replacement of system components. The most typical water well repair requests — replacing the control panel, capacitor, and pressure switch — cost between $25 and $100 in parts alone, depending on the model. A house calls a total cost between $100 and $150, but it might cost up to $300 if the plumbing contractor uses flat-rate hourly pricing, which does not include parts.
Well Pump Replacement
A complete well pump replacement costs is $1,000 to $2,500. It’s normally less expensive to replace a part or two, but if you’re spending more than half the cost of a new well pump on maintenance, it could be time to upgrade. The failure of a few components increases the likelihood that more pieces will follow suit shortly after. At that time, replacement may be approximately the same price as water well repair—and you’ll have fewer maintenance issues to deal with.
Jet Well Pump
Shallow jet pumps, designed for wells with a depth of 25 feet or less, range from $100 to $500, with the typical cost being $300. These low-cost units are a good choice if you’re well is shallow; but, their components are not as sturdy as those of other well pump types, and they do not tend to survive as long as different well pump kinds.
Deep-well jet pumps, which are capable of pumping water from wells up to 150 feet deep, are more expensive and powerful. Because they are built of higher-quality materials such as cast iron, stainless steel, and carbon-ceramic, they also endure far longer. Deep hole jet pumps are priced between $675 and $745 per unit.
Because submersible pumps are always self-priming, as opposed to jet pumps, which frequently cease working due to a loss of prime, submersible pumps are the most commonly replaced with jet pumps nowadays. A self-priming pump is always full of liquid. It does not allow any air to enter the pump cavity or suction line, allowing it to be primed and ready to start functioning at any time without any additional effort. Inefficient pumps, especially those that are automatically primed, consume more energy to prime themselves, sucking in liquid to replace the air accumulated in the cavity and suction line, reducing their efficiency. Furthermore, submersibles can deliver higher volumes and pressures of water without putting too much strain on the system.
Submersible Well Pump
It costs between $250 and $1,200 to purchase a submersible well pump. Lower-powered pumps can supply sufficient water pressure in shallower wells that require less horsepower. Pumps in this price range can be found between $200 and $500. For deeper wells that will take more power to move enough water to supply your household, you should anticipate paying between $700 and $1,200.
Be aware that when installing submersible pumps, mainly when replacing an old jet pump, you will need to budget for new pipework, which can cost anywhere between $250 and $2,500 depending on how much tubing you require.
Labor Cost For A Water Well Repair
Labor charges for a water well repair average $50 per hour on average, with a house call fee of $100 to $150 thrown in for good measure. Unless otherwise stated, callout rates nearly generally include the first or two hours of labor. Weekend and after-hours (emergency) fees are often double the regular rate. Some companies charge a flat rate, typically roughly 50% of the overall amount, rather than an hourly fee.
Don’t put off contacting a professional water well repair contractor if your well begins to exhibit signs of poor performance. The sooner they can evaluate the well to determine the source of the problem and cure it, the greater the likelihood that your rehabilitation will succeed.
For better insight on what you need for your water system, speak with one of Welly Repair‘s representative. You may discuss your water well repair, replacement, and even installation needs. Feel free to call us at (209) 219-2812.